Petroleum coke, also known as “pet coke” or “pet coke”, is the byproduct of the oil refinery coke unites during the cracking process. Two types of pet coke exists: fuel grade being high in sulfur/metals and raw coke commonly referred to as “green coke” meaning it has yet to be refined.
Is pet coke sustainable or ‘green’?
Pet coke is over 90% more carbon than traditional coal and emits between 30-80% more CO2 than coal per unit of weight. Further analysis shows its effectiveness in production of energy puts it at 5-10% more CO2 emission on a per-unit-energy of production.
Does the US allow use of pet coke in energy production?
As of 2013 the EPA declined permits to use pet coke as a fuel in the United States but markets exist in India, China and Latin America.
Is storing pet coke dangerous?
Many storage facilities exist in the USA and primarily owned by Koch industries or its subsidiaries. Recently a cloud plume was seen over Detroit when a company was in the process of transporting the material. Normally epoxy is used to contain the material but during the transition the material can be seen entering the air.
Current pet coke export boom
"The U.S. exported a record 184.17 million barrels of petroleum coke in 2012, a record up over 20 million barrels compared to 2010," Platts explained.
According to the EIA report, China is the current top purchaser of the U.S. pet coke. They're currently importing 3.20 million barrels of pet coke in April, the third most it's ever imported from the U.S.
China imported 4.93 million barrels of pet coke from the U.S. in Dec. 2011 and another 3.64 million barrels in Jan. 2013.